There is only one God. Yet, many people worship different God. Some worship the Sun as their God. Others worship the Father, the Son, etc. There is also some people that worship Allah alone.
So, who is the true God according to Islam? What is His attributes? We know little about God. Yet, in the Quran, God explains His characteristics as follow:
God, the All Wise Creator
According to Islam, God is the Creator of All:
“The Originator of the heavens and the earth! When He decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! and it is.” [Quran 2:117]
Lo! the likeness of Jesus with Allah is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust, then He said unto him: Be! and he is.” [Quran 3:59]
“Say : Is there of your partners (whom ye ascribe unto Allah) one that produceth Creation and then reproduceth it? Say: Allah produceth creation, then reproduceth it. How then, are ye misled!” [Quran 10:34]
God the Owner of Heaven, Earth, and Their Contents
God owns everything in Earth, Heaven, and in between:
They indeed have disbelieved who say: Lo! Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary. Say : Who then can do aught against Allah, if He had willed to destroy the Messiah son of Mary, and his mother and everyone on earth? Allah's is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them. He createth what He will. And Allah is Able to do all things” [Quran 5:17]
God is the First and the Last
God already exists before anything exist. God also will keep exist when everything is dead or destroyed.
”He is the First and the Last, and the Outward and the Inward; and He is Knower of all things.” [Quran 57:3]
Therefore it would be inappropriate if God was born when other creatures already exist and died when “His” creatures still exist. If there is a “God” like that, then he is not God at all. But only a creature of the true God!
God is one, namely: Allah
There is only one God: Allah
“They surely disbelieve who say: Lo! Allah is the third of three; when there is no God save the One God. If they desist not from so saying a painful doom will fall on those of them who disbelieve.” [Quran 5:73]
Allah has no Partner
“Say (O Muhammad): Who is Lord of the heaven and the earth?
Say: Allah! Say: Take ye then (others) beside Him for protectors, which, even for themselves, have neither benefit nor hurt?
Say: Is the blind man equal to the seer, or is darkness equal to light? Or assign they unto Allah partners Who created the like of His creation so that the creation (which they made and His creation) seemed alike to them? Say: Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the One, the Almighty.” [Quran 13:16]
“And say: Praise be to Allah, Who hath not taken unto Himself a son, and Who hath no partner in the Sovereignty, nor hath He any protecting friend through dependence. And magnify Him with all magnificence.” [Quran 17:111]
Allah has no Child nor Partner
“Allah hath not chosen any son, nor is there any God along with Him; else would each God have assuredly championed that which he created, and some of them would assuredly have overcome others. Glorified be Allah above all that they allege.” [Quran 23:91]
“And nothing compares to Him.” [Quran 112:4]
Allah Knows All
Allah knows all even the invisible, a falling leaf, or a grain in the darkness.
And with Him are the keys of the invisible. None but He knoweth them. And He knoweth what is in the land and the sea. Not a leaf falleth but He knoweth it, not a grain amid the darkness of the earth, naught of wet or dry but (it is noted) in a clear record.” [Quran 6:59]
Allah the Most Powerful
Allah is the Almighty. Sometimes we are amaze of the greatness of some people. Yet their power is not everlasting. The great people such as Genghis Khan, Hitler, and Roosevelt were dead in the hand of Allah, the Creator, the Most Powerful, and the executioner.
If He will, He can remove you, O people, and produce others in your stead. Allah is Able to do that.” [Quran 4:133]
“Yet they choose beside Him other gods who create naught but are themselves created, and possess not hurt nor profit for themselves, and possess not the dead nor life, nor power to raise the dead.” [Quran 25:3]
In a hadeeth told that when all creatures such as human, genie, and angels are put to death, Allah says “I am King of the Kings. Where are arrogant people who used to claim themselves a God? Where are arrogant people who used to claim themselves a King?” At that time, only Allah lives and the Most Powerful.
Allah the Great Controller
Sometimes we see the bridges that were designed by experts and built by hundreds of workers with strong pillars fall down instantly. Or the air traffic that controlled by radar, air controller, pilot, and co-pilot, yet the accidents happen every year.
But we never see the sky which is pillar-less fall down into the Earth. The Sun never bump into the Moon or the Earth though they revolve for billions of years.
That is the proof that the order happens because there is a Great Controller: Allah!
“Allah it is who raised up the heavens without visible supports, then mounted the Throne, and compelled the sun and the moon to be of service, each runneth unto an appointed term; He ordereth the course; He detaileth the revelations, that haply ye may be certain of the meeting with your Lord.” [Quran 13:2]
Allah the Giver Gives All to Mankind
Who gives you your body, life, parent, friends, air to breath, water to drink, the Earth, etc?
People who sick will know how expensive is the heart, kidney, eyes, etc. Millions of dollar could be spend to buy those things and the operation.
We have to buy drinking water. If we want to do the diving, we have to buy air to breath expensively. Yet, Allah gives those things and many others to us for free!
“Who hath appointed the earth a resting-place for you, and the sky a canopy; and causeth water to pour down from the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you. And do not set up rivals to Allah when ye know (better).” [Quran 2:22]
“Lo! in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of night and day, and the ships which run upon the sea with that which is of use to men, and the water which Allah sendeth down from the sky, thereby reviving the earth after its death, and dispersing all kinds of beasts
therein, and (in) the ordinance of the winds, and the clouds obedient between heaven and earth: are signs (of Allah's sovereignty) for people who have sense.” [Quran 2:164
If you try to count what Allah gives you, you will not be able to do it.
”If ye would count the favor of Allah ye cannot reckon it. Lo! Allah is indeed Forgiving, Merciful.” [Quran 16:18]
So, thank God, and worship Him.
Those are some characteristics of God in Islam. We hope we could understand who is the real God better.